Acute dacryocystitis digital illustration

Acute dacryocystitis Save

ICD-10 code: H04.32

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Acute Dacryocystitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Acute dacryocystitis is a medical condition that occurs when the lacrimal sac, which is responsible for draining tears from the eye, becomes infected and inflamed. This condition can cause a range of symptoms, including pain, swelling, and redness around the eye, as well as discharge and tearing. In severe cases, dacryocystitis can even lead to vision loss if left untreated.

Causes of Acute Dacryocystitis

Acute dacryocystitis is caused by a blockage in the lacrimal sac, which can occur due to a number of factors. Common causes include infections, allergies, and structural abnormalities in the lacrimal system. In some cases, the blockage may be due to a tumor or other growth in the area.

Symptoms of Acute Dacryocystitis

The symptoms of acute dacryocystitis can vary depending on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, patients may experience tearing, discharge, and mild swelling around the eye. In more severe cases, however, patients may experience significant pain, redness, and swelling around the eye, as well as fever and chills. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention right away.

Treatment for Acute Dacryocystitis
  1. Antibiotics: If the cause of the infection is bacterial, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to help clear up the infection.

  2. Warm compresses: Applying warm compresses to the affected area can help reduce swelling and relieve pain.

  3. Massage: Your doctor may recommend gentle massage of the lacrimal sac to help clear the blockage and promote drainage.

  4. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the blockage and prevent further infection.


If you are experiencing symptoms of acute dacryocystitis, it is important to seek medical attention right away. With prompt treatment, most cases of dacryocystitis can be resolved without complications. Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions carefully, and take steps to prevent future infections by keeping the area around your eyes clean and avoiding irritants that can cause inflammation.