Acute petrositis digital illustration

Acute petrositis Save

ICD-10 code: H70.21

Chapter: Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

What is Acute Petrositis?

Acute petrositis is a condition that occurs when the petrous portion of the temporal bone, located at the base of the skull, becomes inflamed. This condition is also known as petrous apicitis and can cause severe pain in the ear and head. It can also lead to complications if left untreated.

Symptoms of Acute Petrositis

The symptoms of acute petrositis can vary and may include:

  1. Severe ear pain
  2. Headache
  3. Fever
  4. Nausea and vomiting
  5. Facial paralysis
  6. Hearing loss

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. A delay in treatment can lead to serious complications such as meningitis, brain abscess, or sepsis.

Causes of Acute Petrositis

The most common cause of acute petrositis is a bacterial infection. The infection can spread to the petrous portion of the temporal bone from the middle ear, sinuses, or mastoid air cells. Other causes may include trauma to the head or skull, or an underlying medical condition such as diabetes or an immunodeficiency disorder.

Treatment of Acute Petrositis

Treatment for acute petrositis typically involves a combination of antibiotics and pain management. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required for intravenous antibiotics and monitoring.

If complications such as meningitis or brain abscess occur, surgery may be necessary to drain the abscess and relieve pressure on the brain.

Prevention of Acute Petrositis

Preventing acute petrositis involves taking care of your overall health and seeking treatment promptly for any ear or sinus infections. It is also important to avoid trauma to the head and skull.

If you suspect you may have acute petrositis or are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, seek medical attention immediately to prevent complications.