Age-related choroidal atrophy digital illustration

Age-related choroidal atrophy Save

ICD-10 code: H31.11

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Age-related Choroidal Atrophy

Age-related choroidal atrophy is a condition that affects the choroid, which is the part of the eye that supplies blood to the retina. This condition is more common in older adults and can lead to vision loss and other complications. In this article, we will discuss what age-related choroidal atrophy is, its symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

Symptoms of Age-related Choroidal Atrophy

Some of the common symptoms of age-related choroidal atrophy include:

  1. Blurred vision or loss of vision in one or both eyes
  2. Difficulty seeing in low light conditions
  3. Distorted or wavy vision
  4. Reduced color perception

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Causes of Age-related Choroidal Atrophy

The exact cause of age-related choroidal atrophy is not known. However, it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the risk factors for this condition include:

  1. Age: As the name suggests, age-related choroidal atrophy is more common in older adults.
  2. Smoking: Smoking can increase the risk of developing this condition.
  3. Family history: People with a family history of age-related choroidal atrophy are more likely to develop the condition themselves.
Treatment Options for Age-related Choroidal Atrophy

Currently, there is no cure for age-related choroidal atrophy. However, there are treatment options that can help slow down the progression of the condition and improve vision. Some of these treatment options include:

  1. Injections: Injections of drugs such as anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) can help slow down the progression of the condition.
  2. Photodynamic therapy: This involves using a special laser to destroy abnormal blood vessels in the eye.
  3. Low vision aids: These are devices that can help people with vision loss to see better.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of age-related choroidal atrophy, it is important to speak to your eye doctor as soon as possible. Early detection and treatment can help prevent further vision loss and improve your quality of life.