Anorexia nervosa digital illustration

Anorexia nervosa Save

ICD-10 code: F50.0

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Anorexia Nervosa: Understanding the Eating Disorder

Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight, a distorted body image, and a severe restriction of food intake. Individuals with anorexia nervosa often have a low body weight and may engage in unhealthy behaviors such as excessive exercise or purging to maintain their weight.

The causes of anorexia nervosa are complex and can include genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Some people may be more susceptible to developing the disorder due to their genetics or brain chemistry, while others may develop it as a result of societal pressures to conform to unrealistic beauty standards.

  1. Signs and Symptoms
  2. Causes
  3. Treatment
  • Signs and Symptoms: Some common signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa include:
    • Extreme weight loss
    • Refusal to eat certain foods or food groups
    • Intense fear of gaining weight
    • Distorted body image
    • Excessive exercise
    • Irregular periods or absence of periods in women
    • Cold intolerance
    • Depression or anxiety
  • Causes: The causes of anorexia nervosa are not fully understood, but research suggests that a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors may contribute to the development of the disorder. Some of these factors include:
    • Family history of eating disorders
    • Low self-esteem or poor body image
    • Perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive tendencies
    • Societal pressure to conform to unrealistic beauty standards
    • Stressful life events or trauma
  • Treatment: Treatment for anorexia nervosa typically involves a combination of medical, nutritional, and psychological interventions. Some common treatments include:
    • Medical monitoring to address any health complications related to the disorder
    • Nutritional counseling to help individuals develop a healthy relationship with food
    • Psychotherapy to address underlying psychological issues and develop coping strategies
    • Medication to manage symptoms such as depression or anxiety

    If you suspect that you or a loved one may be struggling with anorexia nervosa, it is important to seek help as soon as possible. With the right treatment and support, recovery is possible.