Aplastic anemia, unspecified digital illustration

Aplastic Anemia, Unspecified: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Aplastic anemia is a serious blood disorder that occurs when the body's bone marrow fails to produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This condition is known as "unspecified" when the cause of the bone marrow failure is unknown. Aplastic anemia can affect people of all ages, but it is more common in young adults and children.


The exact cause of unspecified aplastic anemia is unknown. However, there are several risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing this condition, including:

  1. Exposure to toxic chemicals such as benzene and pesticides
  2. Autoimmune disorders such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis
  3. Infections such as hepatitis and HIV
  4. Medications such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy

Some common symptoms of unspecified aplastic anemia include:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Shortness of breath during physical activity
  • Irregular or rapid heartbeat
  • Headaches
  • Chest pain

People with aplastic anemia are also more susceptible to infections due to the lack of white blood cells in their body.

Treatment Options

Treatment for unspecified aplastic anemia depends on the severity of the condition and the individual's overall health. Some common treatment options include:

  1. Blood transfusions: This involves receiving blood products such as red blood cells, platelets, and plasma from a donor.
  2. Bone marrow transplant: This procedure involves replacing the diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow from a donor.
  3. Immunosuppressive therapy: This involves taking medications that suppress the immune system to prevent it from attacking the bone marrow.
  4. Growth factors: These are medications that stimulate the production of blood cells in the bone marrow.

If left untreated, unspecified aplastic anemia can be life-threatening. Therefore, it is important to consult a healthcare professional if you experience any symptoms of this condition. Early diagnosis and treatment can help improve the outlook for people with aplastic anemia.

Diagnosis Codes for Aplastic anemia, unspecified | D61.9