Bartonellosis digital illustration

Bartonellosis Save

ICD-10 code: A44

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Bartonellosis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Bartonellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria in the Bartonella genus. This disease can affect both humans and animals, and is usually transmitted through insect bites or scratches from infected animals. The severity of the disease varies depending on the species of bacteria involved, as well as the overall health of the infected person or animal.

Symptoms of Bartonellosis

The symptoms of bartonellosis can vary widely depending on the type of bacteria involved. In general, symptoms of the disease can include:

  1. High fever
  2. Headaches and muscle aches
  3. Swollen lymph nodes
  4. Red rashes or bumps at the site of the bite or scratch
  5. Joint pain and swelling
  6. Fatigue and malaise

In some cases, bartonellosis can also cause more severe symptoms like seizures, confusion, and respiratory distress.

Causes of Bartonellosis

Bartonellosis is caused by bacteria in the Bartonella genus, which can be transmitted through insect bites or scratches from infected animals. The most common way that humans contract the disease is through bites from fleas, lice, or ticks. Cats are also a common carrier of Bartonella bacteria, and can transmit the disease to humans through scratches or bites.

Treatment for Bartonellosis

Treatment for bartonellosis usually involves a course of antibiotics to kill the bacteria. The specific type of antibiotic used will depend on the species of bacteria involved and the severity of the infection. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary, especially if the infection has spread to other parts of the body.

Prevention of Bartonellosis

Prevention of bartonellosis involves taking steps to avoid exposure to infected animals and insects. This can include using insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, and avoiding areas where ticks and fleas are common. Pet owners should also take steps to keep their pets free from fleas and ticks, and should avoid rough play with cats or other animals that may scratch.

Bartonellosis can be a serious and potentially life-threatening disease, especially for people with weakened immune systems. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have been exposed to Bartonella bacteria, seek medical attention immediately.