Brown's sheath syndrome digital illustration

Brown's sheath syndrome Save

ICD-10 code: H50.61

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Brown's Sheath Syndrome

Brown's sheath syndrome is a rare condition that affects the flexor tendon sheath in the fingers. It is also known as tenosynovitis or trigger finger. This condition causes pain, stiffness, and a popping sensation in the fingers during movement.

This condition is caused by inflammation of the flexor tendon sheath, a protective covering that surrounds the tendons that control finger movements. When the sheath is inflamed, it can cause the tendon to become stuck in the sheath, resulting in the finger being unable to fully extend or flex.

Brown's sheath syndrome is most commonly found in individuals who perform repetitive hand movements, such as athletes, musicians, and workers who use their hands extensively. It is also more common in women and individuals over the age of 40.

Symptoms of Brown's Sheath Syndrome

The most common symptom of Brown's sheath syndrome is a popping sensation in the finger when it is moved. Other symptoms include:

  1. Pain in the affected finger
  2. Stiffness in the finger, particularly in the morning or after periods of inactivity
  3. A feeling of warmth or tenderness in the finger
  4. A clicking or snapping sensation when the finger is moved

If left untreated, Brown's sheath syndrome can cause permanent damage to the tendon and surrounding tissues. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you may have this condition.

Treatment for Brown's Sheath Syndrome

The treatment for Brown's sheath syndrome depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain medications may be enough to alleviate symptoms. In more severe cases, a doctor may recommend one or more of the following treatments:

  1. Splinting or bracing the affected finger to immobilize it and allow for healing
  2. Corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation and pain
  3. Surgery to release the tendon from the sheath

If you are experiencing symptoms of Brown's sheath syndrome, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. With proper treatment, most individuals are able to fully recover from this condition and regain full use of their fingers.