Cauda equina syndrome digital illustration

Cauda equina syndrome Save

ICD-10 code: G83.4

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Cauda Equina Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. It is a rare but serious condition that affects the nerves at the base of the spinal cord. CES is caused by the compression of the cauda equina nerve roots, which can result in severe and permanent damage if left untreated.

  1. Causes
  2. The most common cause of CES is a herniated disc in the lumbar spine. Other causes include spinal tumors, infections, spinal stenosis, trauma, and spinal surgery. In some cases, the cause of CES may be unknown.

  3. Symptoms
  4. The symptoms of CES can vary depending on the severity of the condition. The most common symptoms include:

    • Severe low back pain
    • Leg pain or weakness
    • Numbness or tingling in the legs or feet
    • Incontinence or difficulty emptying the bladder or bowels
  5. Treatment
  6. Treatment for CES typically involves surgery to relieve the pressure on the nerves. The surgery is usually performed as an emergency procedure to prevent permanent damage. In some cases, medication may be used to manage pain and inflammation before or after surgery.

    After surgery, rehabilitation and physical therapy may be necessary to help regain strength and mobility. In some cases, long-term complications such as bladder or bowel dysfunction may require ongoing management.

If you experience any of the symptoms of CES, seek medical attention immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve the outcome and reduce the risk of permanent damage.

Overall, CES is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options, you can be better prepared to recognize and respond to this medical emergency.

Diagnosis Codes for Cauda equina syndrome | G83.4