Central corneal ulcer digital illustration

Central corneal ulcer Save

ICD-10 code: H16.01

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Central Corneal Ulcer: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

A central corneal ulcer is a serious eye condition that can lead to vision loss if left untreated. This type of ulcer occurs when the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eye, develops an open sore in the center.

Here are the symptoms of central corneal ulcer:

  1. Eye pain and redness
  2. Blurred vision or loss of vision
  3. Sensitivity to light
  4. Feeling like there's something in your eye
  5. Eye discharge

The causes of central corneal ulcer can vary, but most often it is caused by a bacterial infection. Other causes include viral infections, fungal infections, and trauma to the eye. People who wear contact lenses are also at a higher risk of developing this condition.

If you suspect that you have a central corneal ulcer, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Your eye doctor will perform a thorough examination of your eye and may take a sample of the fluid from your eye to determine the cause of the ulcer.

The treatment for central corneal ulcer will depend on the cause of the condition. In most cases, antibiotics will be prescribed to treat a bacterial infection. If the ulcer is caused by a virus or fungus, antiviral or antifungal medication will be prescribed. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the infected tissue or to transplant a new cornea.

Prevention is key when it comes to central corneal ulcer. You can reduce your risk of developing this condition by following these tips:

  1. Wash your hands frequently to prevent the spread of infection
  2. Avoid touching your eyes
  3. Wear protective eyewear when participating in sports or other activities that could result in eye injury
  4. Follow proper contact lens care and hygiene
  5. Get regular eye exams to catch any potential issues early

Overall, central corneal ulcer is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention. By being aware of the symptoms and taking steps to prevent it, you can help protect your vision and maintain the health of your eyes.