Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia digital illustration

Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia Save

ICD-10 code: C93.1

Chapter: Neoplasms

Understanding Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Options

Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) is a rare type of blood cancer that affects the production of white blood cells. It is a type of Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) that can progress to acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

CMML is more common in men over the age of 60, but it can affect people of any age. It is a slow-growing cancer that may not cause any symptoms for years. However, as the disease progresses, patients may experience a range of symptoms, including:

  1. Fever and night sweats
  2. Fatigue and weakness
  3. Weight loss
  4. Easy bruising and bleeding
  5. Swollen lymph nodes
  6. Enlarged spleen or liver

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to talk to your doctor to determine the underlying cause.

Diagnosis of CMML typically involves a physical exam, blood tests, and a bone marrow biopsy. The bone marrow biopsy involves the removal of a small sample of bone marrow from the hip bone, which is then examined under a microscope to look for abnormal cells.

Once a diagnosis of CMML is confirmed, treatment options may include:

  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Bone marrow transplant
  3. Targeted therapy
  4. Supportive care

Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells and may be used alone or in combination with other treatments. Bone marrow transplant involves replacing the patient's diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow from a donor. Targeted therapy uses drugs that target specific proteins in cancer cells, which can slow or stop the growth of cancer cells.

Supportive care may include treatments to manage symptoms such as infections or bleeding, as well as emotional and psychological support.

In conclusion, CMML is a rare type of blood cancer that can be difficult to diagnose. If you are experiencing any symptoms of CMML, it is important to talk to your doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes and quality of life.