Chronic serous otitis media digital illustration

Chronic serous otitis media Save

ICD-10 code: H65.2

Chapter: Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

Understanding Chronic Serous Otitis Media

Chronic serous otitis media, also known as otitis media with effusion, is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear. This condition can affect individuals of all ages, but it is more common in children.

Chronic serous otitis media can cause discomfort and hearing problems, and if left untreated, it can lead to permanent hearing loss. Therefore, it is important to understand the causes, symptoms, and treatments for this condition.

Causes of Chronic Serous Otitis Media

The cause of chronic serous otitis media is not fully understood. However, some factors that may contribute to the development of this condition include:

  1. Blockage of the eustachian tube: The eustachian tube is responsible for equalizing pressure in the middle ear. When this tube is blocked, fluid can accumulate in the middle ear.
  2. Upper respiratory infections: Infections such as colds and the flu can cause inflammation in the middle ear, leading to the accumulation of fluid.
  3. Allergies: Allergic reactions can cause swelling in the eustachian tube, leading to the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear.
  4. Smoking: Exposure to secondhand smoke can increase the risk of developing chronic serous otitis media.
Symptoms of Chronic Serous Otitis Media

The symptoms of chronic serous otitis media can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Muffled or distorted hearing
  • Ear pain or discomfort
  • A feeling of fullness in the ear
  • Tinnitus, or ringing in the ear
  • Dizziness or vertigo

If you or your child experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor for an evaluation.

Treatment for Chronic Serous Otitis Media

Treatment for chronic serous otitis media will depend on the severity of the condition. In some cases, the condition may resolve on its own without treatment. However, if the condition persists, your doctor may recommend:

  • Antibiotics: If the condition is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed.
  • Steroids: Steroids can help reduce inflammation in the middle ear.
  • Surgical intervention: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to drain the fluid from the middle ear.

It is important to follow your doctor's recommendations