Cocaine dependence digital illustration

Cocaine dependence Save

ICD-10 code: F14.2

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Cocaine Dependence: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Cocaine is a powerful stimulant drug that can cause addiction and dependence. Cocaine dependence is a serious problem that can have severe consequences for the user's health, relationships, and overall well-being. In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for cocaine dependence.

Symptoms of Cocaine Dependence

The symptoms of cocaine dependence can vary from person to person, but some common signs include:

  1. Cravings for cocaine
  2. Difficulty controlling cocaine use
  3. Continued use despite negative consequences
  4. Withdrawal symptoms when attempting to quit
  5. Inability to function without cocaine

If you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms, it may be a sign of cocaine dependence and professional help should be sought.

Causes of Cocaine Dependence

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of cocaine dependence, including:

  • Genetics
  • Environmental factors
  • Mental health disorders
  • Peer pressure
  • Stressful life events

While these factors can increase the risk of cocaine dependence, addiction is a complex disease that can affect anyone, regardless of their background or circumstances.

Treatment for Cocaine Dependence

Treatment for cocaine dependence typically involves a combination of behavioral therapies and medication-assisted treatment. Some common treatment options include:

  1. Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  2. Motivational interviewing
  3. Contingency management
  4. 12-step programs
  5. Medications such as naltrexone or buprenorphine

It is important to seek professional help when attempting to quit cocaine, as withdrawal symptoms can be severe and potentially dangerous. Treatment can help individuals manage their cravings, learn coping skills, and address underlying mental health issues that may be contributing to their addiction.


Cocaine dependence is a serious problem that can have long-lasting consequences for the user's health and well-being. If you or someone you know is struggling with cocaine addiction, it is important to seek professional help. With the right treatment and support, recovery is possible.