Coloboma of optic disc digital illustration

Coloboma of optic disc Save

ICD-10 code: H47.31

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Coloboma of optic disc

Coloboma of optic disc is a rare condition that affects the eye. It is a congenital disorder that is present at birth and occurs when the optic nerve fails to develop properly. This results in a small gap, or coloboma, in the optic disc, which is the area at the back of the eye where the optic nerve enters.

The optic disc is responsible for transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain. When there is a coloboma in the optic disc, it can lead to a range of vision problems, including blurred or distorted vision, blind spots, and even total blindness in severe cases.

Symptoms of Coloboma of optic disc

The symptoms of Coloboma of optic disc vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some people may not experience any symptoms at all, while others may have significant vision problems. Common symptoms include:

  1. Blurred or distorted vision
  2. Blind spots in the visual field
  3. Reduced visual acuity
  4. Sensitivity to light
  5. Difficulty seeing in low light conditions
Causes of Coloboma of optic disc

Coloboma of optic disc is a congenital disorder, which means it is present at birth. It occurs when the optic nerve fails to develop properly during fetal development. The exact cause of this condition is not known, but it is thought to be related to genetic factors.

Some cases of Coloboma of optic disc may also be associated with other genetic disorders, such as CHARGE syndrome or Aicardi syndrome. These conditions can cause a range of physical and developmental abnormalities, including vision problems.

Treatment for Coloboma of optic disc

Currently, there is no cure for Coloboma of optic disc. However, there are treatments available to help manage the symptoms of the condition. These may include:

  1. Prescription glasses or contact lenses to correct refractive errors
  2. Low vision aids, such as magnifiers or telescopes, to help with visual acuity
  3. Vision therapy to improve eye coordination and visual processing
  4. Surgery to correct any structural abnormalities in the eye, such as a detached retina

If you or your child has been diagnosed with Coloboma of optic disc, it is important to work closely with an eye doctor or ophthalmologist to develop a treatment plan that meets your individual needs.


Coloboma of optic disc is a rare congenital disorder that can cause a range of vision problems. While there is no cure for this condition,