Conductive and sensorineural hearing loss digital illustration

Conductive and sensorineural hearing loss Save

ICD-10 code: H90

Chapter: Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

Understanding Conductive and Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. There are two main types of hearing loss: conductive and sensorineural. Understanding the differences between these two types of hearing loss can help you determine the appropriate treatment options.

Conductive Hearing Loss

Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound waves are unable to reach the inner ear. This can happen when there is a blockage in the ear canal or damage to the middle ear. Some common causes of conductive hearing loss include:

  1. Ear infections
  2. Wax buildup in the ear canal
  3. Perforated eardrum
  4. Malformation of the ear canal or middle ear

Conductive hearing loss can often be treated with medication or surgery. For example, if the cause of the hearing loss is a middle ear infection, antibiotics may be prescribed to clear up the infection. If there is a blockage in the ear canal, the wax may be removed using a special tool.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss occurs when there is damage to the inner ear or the nerve pathways that transmit sound to the brain. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  1. Aging
  2. Loud noises
  3. Illnesses
  4. Head trauma

Sensorineural hearing loss is typically permanent and cannot be treated with medication or surgery. However, hearing aids and cochlear implants can help improve hearing in many cases.


Conductive and sensorineural hearing loss are two different types of hearing loss with different causes and treatment options. If you suspect that you or a loved one may be experiencing hearing loss, it is important to seek the advice of a medical professional.

By understanding the differences between conductive and sensorineural hearing loss, you can make informed decisions about the best course of treatment for your individual needs.

Diagnosis Codes for Conductive and sensorineural hearing loss | H90