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Conjunctival concretions Save

ICD-10 code: H11.12

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

What are Conjunctival Concretions and How to Treat Them?

Conjunctival concretions, also known as conjunctival stones or sialoliths, are small, hard, yellowish-white deposits that form on the conjunctiva, the thin, transparent membrane that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids. These concretions are usually harmless, but they can cause discomfort or irritation, especially if they rub against the eye.

Symptoms and Causes of Conjunctival Concretions

The symptoms of conjunctival concretions can vary, but they often include redness, irritation, and a feeling of something being stuck in the eye. In some cases, they can also cause tearing, discharge, or blurry vision. Conjunctival concretions are caused by the accumulation of calcium, lipids, and other debris in the conjunctival tissue. They are more common in older individuals and people with chronic inflammation or dry eye syndrome.

Treatment Options for Conjunctival Concretions

Most conjunctival concretions do not require treatment and can be safely left alone. However, if the concretion is causing discomfort or affecting vision, it may need to be removed. This can be done through a simple surgical procedure, in which a local anesthetic is applied to the eye, and the concretion is carefully scraped or lifted off the conjunctiva using a specialized tool.

It is important to note that attempting to remove conjunctival concretions at home can be dangerous and should be avoided. Rubbing or scratching the eye can cause further damage or infection, and using unsterilized objects can introduce harmful bacteria into the eye.

Prevention of Conjunctival Concretions

While there is no guaranteed way to prevent the formation of conjunctival concretions, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk. These include maintaining good eye hygiene, using artificial tears or lubricating drops to keep the eyes moist, and avoiding exposure to irritants or allergens that can cause inflammation. Regular eye exams can also help detect and monitor the development of conjunctival concretions and other eye conditions.

  1. Keep your eyes clean and wash them regularly.
  2. Avoid rubbing or scratching your eyes.
  3. If you wear contact lenses, make sure to follow the proper cleaning and wearing instructions provided by your eye doctor.
  4. If you experience any symptoms of conjunctival concretions or other eye problems, seek medical attention right away.

By taking care of your eyes and seeking prompt treatment when necessary, you can help prevent and manage conjunctival