Degenerative myopia with macular hole digital illustration

Degenerative myopia with macular hole Save

ICD-10 code: H44.2B

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Degenerative Myopia with Macular Hole: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Degenerative myopia, also known as pathological myopia, is a type of nearsightedness that goes beyond the normal range. It is a progressive condition that can lead to serious vision problems, such as a macular hole. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for degenerative myopia with macular hole.

  1. Causes
  2. Degenerative myopia is caused by the elongation of the eyeball, which causes the retina to stretch and thin. This thinning makes the retina more susceptible to tears and holes. Macular holes, specifically, can be caused by the vitreous gel in the eye pulling away from the retina, which can cause a hole to form.

  3. Symptoms
  4. The symptoms of degenerative myopia with macular hole include:

    • Blurred or distorted vision
    • A dark spot in the center of your vision
    • Sensitivity to light
    • Difficulty seeing in low light
  5. Treatment
  6. The treatment for degenerative myopia with macular hole depends on the severity of the condition. In some cases, glasses or contact lenses may be used to correct vision. However, if the macular hole is severe, surgery may be required.

    One surgical option is a vitrectomy, which involves removing the vitreous gel from the eye and replacing it with a saline solution. This can help to release the traction on the retina and allow the macular hole to heal. Another option is a macular hole repair, which involves using a gas bubble to push against the macular hole and allow it to heal.

    In conclusion, degenerative myopia with macular hole is a serious condition that can cause significant vision problems. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, it is important to speak with your eye doctor as soon as possible. With proper treatment, it is possible to manage and improve your vision.