Diffuse cholesteatosis digital illustration

Diffuse cholesteatosis Save

ICD-10 code: H71.3

Chapter: Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

Understanding Diffuse Cholesteatosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Diffuse cholesteatosis is a condition that affects the middle ear, which is the space behind the eardrum. This condition is characterized by the accumulation of cholesterol in the middle ear and can lead to various complications if left untreated. Here's what you need to know about diffuse cholesteatosis:

  1. Causes: The exact cause of diffuse cholesteatosis is unknown, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the risk factors for this condition include chronic ear infections, trauma to the ear, and a family history of ear disorders.
  2. Symptoms: The symptoms of diffuse cholesteatosis can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some of the common symptoms include ear pain, hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and dizziness. In more severe cases, the condition can lead to facial paralysis, meningitis, and even brain abscesses.
  3. Treatment: Treatment for diffuse cholesteatosis typically involves surgery to remove the cholesterol deposits in the middle ear. The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia and involves making an incision behind the ear to access the middle ear. The surgeon will then remove the cholesterol deposits and repair any damage to the ear structures.

If you suspect that you may have diffuse cholesteatosis, it's important to seek medical attention right away. Your doctor can perform a physical exam and order imaging tests to diagnose the condition. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve your quality of life.

In addition to surgery, your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to treat any ear infections that may be contributing to the condition. They may also recommend hearing aids or other assistive devices to help improve your hearing.

Overall, diffuse cholesteatosis is a serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. With the right care, however, most people are able to manage their symptoms and prevent complications.