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Disorders of porphyrin and bilirubin metabolism Save

ICD-10 code: E80

Chapter: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

Disorders of porphyrin and bilirubin metabolism

Porphyrias and bilirubin disorders are a group of rare genetic conditions that affect the metabolism of porphyrins and bilirubin in the body. These disorders occur due to the deficiency of enzymes involved in the synthesis or degradation of these substances.

  1. Porphyrias: Porphyrias are a group of metabolic disorders that affect the production of heme, a component of hemoglobin that carries oxygen in the blood. These disorders are classified into two categories: acute porphyrias and cutaneous porphyrias. Acute porphyrias are characterized by sudden attacks of severe abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, and confusion. Cutaneous porphyrias, on the other hand, cause skin sensitivity to light, blistering, and scarring.
  2. Bilirubin disorders: Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is produced during the breakdown of red blood cells. Bilirubin disorders occur when there is an excess of bilirubin in the blood, which causes jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). These disorders can be caused by various factors, such as liver disease, genetic disorders, or medications.

The diagnosis of these disorders involves a combination of clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, and genetic testing. Treatment options depend on the specific type and severity of the disorder. Acute attacks of porphyrias can be treated with medications that block heme production or by intravenous infusion of heme. Cutaneous porphyrias can be managed by avoiding triggers that exacerbate symptoms, such as exposure to sunlight. Bilirubin disorders are treated by addressing the underlying cause, such as liver disease or genetic mutations.

In conclusion, disorders of porphyrin and bilirubin metabolism are rare genetic conditions that can cause a range of symptoms, including abdominal pain, skin sensitivity, and jaundice. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to manage symptoms and prevent complications.

Diagnosis Codes for Disorders of porphyrin and bilirubin metabolism | E80