Disseminated intravascular coagulation [defibrination syndrome] digital illustration

Disseminated intravascular coagulation [defibrination syndrome] Save

ICD-10 code: D65

Chapter: Diseases of the blood and blood forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC): Understanding the Defibrination Syndrome

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) is a serious and often life-threatening condition that can develop as a complication of various medical conditions. DIC is characterized by excessive clotting throughout the body's blood vessels, which can lead to the depletion of clotting factors, and ultimately, bleeding from multiple sites. The condition is also known as Defibrination Syndrome, and it is essential to understand its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Causes of DIC

There are several medical conditions that can cause DIC. Some of the most common causes include:

  1. Sepsis: A severe bacterial infection that can cause inflammation throughout the body.
  2. Cancer: Certain types of cancer can produce substances that activate the clotting system.
  3. Obstetrical complications: Complications during pregnancy and childbirth can cause DIC.
  4. Trauma: Severe injuries can cause DIC.
  5. Blood transfusions: Receiving incompatible blood products can trigger DIC.
Symptoms of DIC

The symptoms of DIC can vary depending on the underlying medical condition. However, some common symptoms include:

  1. Bruising and bleeding from multiple sites.
  2. Low blood pressure.
  3. Organ dysfunction.
  4. Shortness of breath.
  5. Chest pain.
Treatment of DIC

Treating DIC involves addressing the underlying medical condition. In addition, treatment may involve:

  1. Administering clotting factors to replace those depleted by the excessive clotting.
  2. Giving platelet transfusions to help clotting.
  3. Providing supportive care, such as oxygen therapy and blood pressure support.
  4. Addressing any bleeding complications that may arise.

In conclusion, DIC is a life-threatening condition that can develop as a complication of various medical conditions. Early recognition and prompt treatment are essential to improving outcomes. Patients who are at risk of developing DIC should be closely monitored, and healthcare providers should be vigilant for the signs and symptoms of the condition.

Diagnosis Codes for Disseminated intravascular coagulation [defibrination syndrome] | D65