Drusen (degenerative) of macula digital illustration

Drusen (degenerative) of macula Save

ICD-10 code: H35.36

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Drusen (Degenerative) of Macula

Drusen refers to small yellow or white deposits that accumulate under the retina at the back of the eye. They are typically associated with aging and are more common in individuals over the age of 60. Drusen can be classified into two types: hard and soft. Hard drusen are small and round, while soft drusen are larger and have a more irregular shape. Soft drusen are also more likely to be associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Drusen can affect the macula, which is the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, detailed vision. Degenerative drusen of the macula can lead to a condition known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is a leading cause of vision loss in individuals over the age of 50.

There are two types of AMD: dry and wet. Dry AMD is characterized by the presence of drusen and a thinning of the macula. Wet AMD occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow under the retina and leak fluid, leading to scarring and loss of vision.

Symptoms of Drusen of Macula

Drusen of macula often do not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages. As the condition progresses, however, individuals may experience:

  1. Blurred or distorted vision
  2. Difficulty reading or seeing fine details
  3. Decreased central vision
  4. Dark or empty spots in the center of vision
Treatment for Drusen of Macula

Currently, there is no cure for drusen of macula or age-related macular degeneration. However, there are treatments available that can slow the progression of the disease and help preserve vision. These include:

  1. Anti-VEGF injections: These injections can help stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the eye.
  2. Photodynamic therapy: This treatment involves the use of a special laser to destroy abnormal blood vessels.
  3. Low vision aids: Devices such as magnifying glasses, telescopes, and closed-circuit televisions can help individuals with AMD to read and perform daily tasks.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of drusen of macula or age-related macular degeneration, it is important to see an eye doctor for an evaluation. Early detection and treatment can help to preserve vision and improve overall quality of life.