Dry eye syndrome digital illustration

Dry eye syndrome Save

ICD-10 code: H04.12

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Dry Eye Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Dry eye syndrome is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when your eyes are unable to produce enough tears or when the tears produced are of poor quality. This condition can cause discomfort, irritation, and vision problems.

Below are some of the common causes, symptoms, and treatments for dry eye syndrome:

  1. Age: As we grow older, the production of tears decreases, making us more prone to dry eye syndrome.
  2. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and thyroid problems can lead to dry eye syndrome.
  3. Environmental factors: Exposure to wind, smoke, and dry air can cause dry eye syndrome.
  4. Medications: Certain medications such as antihistamines, antidepressants, and diuretics can cause dry eye syndrome as a side effect.
  • Stinging or burning sensation in the eyes
  • Redness and inflammation of the eyes
  • Blurry vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Feeling like there is something in your eye
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses
  • Treatments:

    There are several treatments available for dry eye syndrome. Some of the common treatments include:

    1. Artificial tears: These are over-the-counter eye drops that can help lubricate the eyes and reduce the symptoms of dry eye syndrome.
    2. Punctal plugs: These are tiny plugs that are inserted into the tear ducts to prevent tears from draining too quickly from the eyes.
    3. Prescription eye drops: Your doctor may prescribe medicated eye drops to reduce inflammation and increase tear production.
    4. Restasis: This prescription medication helps to increase tear production by reducing inflammation in the eyes.
    5. Warm compresses: Applying a warm compress to your eyes can help to unclog blocked oil glands and stimulate tear production.

    If you are experiencing symptoms of dry eye syndrome, it is important to see an eye doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. With the right treatment, you can manage your symptoms and improve your overall eye health.