Early syphilis digital illustration

Early syphilis Save

ICD-10 code: A51

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Early Syphilis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It can spread through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Early detection and treatment of syphilis are crucial to prevent its progression to later stages that can cause serious complications.

Symptoms of Early Syphilis
  1. Chancre: The first sign of syphilis is a small, painless sore called a chancre. It usually appears on the genital area, anus, or mouth and lasts for 3-6 weeks.
  2. Rash: After the chancre heals, a rash may develop on the body, including the palms and soles. The rash may be rough, red, or brown and may be accompanied by fever, fatigue, and sore throat.
  3. Swollen Lymph Nodes: Syphilis can cause swollen lymph nodes, especially in the groin area.

If left untreated, syphilis can progress to later stages and cause more severe symptoms, including blindness, dementia, and heart disease.

Treatment of Early Syphilis

The treatment of early syphilis involves a single injection of penicillin. It can cure the infection and prevent its progression to later stages. However, if the infection has progressed to later stages, multiple injections of penicillin may be required.

It's important to get tested for syphilis if you're sexually active, especially if you have multiple partners. Early detection and treatment can prevent the spread of the infection and its complications.

Prevention of Syphilis

The best way to prevent syphilis is to practice safe sex. Use condoms or dental dams during sexual activity, and limit your number of sexual partners. Getting tested regularly for sexually transmitted infections is also important.

Early syphilis is a treatable infection, but it requires prompt detection and treatment. If you suspect you may have syphilis or have been exposed to it, speak with your healthcare provider about getting tested and treated.