Emotional disorders with onset specific to childhood digital illustration

Emotional disorders with onset specific to childhood Save

ICD-10 code: F93

Chapter: Mental and behavioural disorders

Understanding Emotional Disorders with Onset Specific to Childhood

Emotional disorders are common among children and can have a significant impact on their development and quality of life. Childhood-onset emotional disorders refer to conditions that typically develop during childhood or adolescence and can include anxiety disorders, depression, and bipolar disorder.

These disorders can be challenging to diagnose, as children may not have the language skills to articulate their feelings effectively. It is often up to parents, teachers, and healthcare professionals to recognize the signs of emotional distress and seek appropriate treatment.

  1. Anxiety disorders: Children with anxiety disorders experience excessive fear or worry, which can interfere with their daily activities. Symptoms can include restlessness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, muscle tension, and sleep disturbances.
  2. Depression: Childhood depression can manifest as persistent sadness, irritability, low self-esteem, and a lack of interest in previously enjoyable activities. Children with depression may also experience physical symptoms, such as headaches or stomach aches.
  3. Bipolar disorder: This condition is characterized by extreme mood swings, ranging from episodes of high energy and euphoria to periods of intense sadness or hopelessness. Some children with bipolar disorder may also experience severe irritability and anger.

It is essential to seek help if you suspect that your child may be struggling with an emotional disorder. Treatment options can include therapy, medication, or a combination of both. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be particularly effective in treating childhood anxiety and depression.

Parents can also help their children manage their emotions by encouraging healthy coping mechanisms, such as exercise, mindfulness, and social support. It is important to create a safe and open environment where children feel comfortable expressing their feelings and seeking help when needed.


Childhood-onset emotional disorders can be challenging to diagnose and manage, but with the right treatment and support, children can go on to lead happy and fulfilling lives. If you are concerned about your child's emotional well-being, seek help from a healthcare professional or mental health provider.