Epiphora due to insufficient drainage digital illustration

Epiphora due to insufficient drainage Save

ICD-10 code: H04.22

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Epiphora due to Insufficient Drainage: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Epiphora is a condition that is characterized by excessive tearing of the eyes. While tears are essential for maintaining healthy eyes, too much of them can cause discomfort and affect vision. One of the most common causes of epiphora is insufficient drainage, which can occur due to a variety of factors.

  1. Blocked Tear Ducts: The tear ducts are responsible for draining excess tears from the eyes. If they become blocked due to inflammation, infection, or injury, tears can accumulate and cause epiphora.
  2. Eyelid Malposition: The position of the eyelids plays a crucial role in tear drainage. If the eyelids turn inward (entropion) or outward (ectropion), the tears may not drain properly, leading to epiphora.
  3. Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction: The nasolacrimal duct connects the tear ducts to the nasal cavity. If it becomes blocked, tears cannot drain properly, leading to epiphora.

Aside from excessive tearing, other symptoms of epiphora include irritation, redness, and blurred vision. If left untreated, epiphora can lead to eye infections and other complications.

The treatment of epiphora depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, simple measures such as warm compresses and massage can help to clear blocked tear ducts. If eyelid malposition is the cause, surgery may be necessary to reposition the eyelids. Nasolacrimal duct obstruction can also be treated with surgery or other minimally invasive procedures.

If you are experiencing symptoms of epiphora, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. An eye doctor can perform a comprehensive eye examination and recommend appropriate treatment options to relieve your symptoms and prevent complications.