Erythema infectiosum [fifth disease] digital illustration

Erythema infectiosum [fifth disease] Save

ICD-10 code: B08.3

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Erythema Infectiosum: A Common Childhood Illness

Erythema infectiosum, commonly known as fifth disease, is a mild viral illness that primarily affects children. It is caused by the human parvovirus B19 and is spread through respiratory secretions, such as coughing or sneezing.

Symptoms of erythema infectiosum typically include a low-grade fever, headache, and mild cold-like symptoms. A few days later, a bright red rash may appear on the cheeks, giving the illness its nickname "slapped cheek syndrome." This rash may then spread to the arms, legs, and trunk, and may be itchy or sore. In some cases, joint pain and swelling may also occur, particularly in adults.

Erythema infectiosum is usually a mild illness that resolves on its own within a few weeks. However, it can be more serious for certain individuals, such as those with weakened immune systems or pregnant women. In rare cases, it may lead to complications such as anemia or arthritis.

  1. If you suspect that your child may have erythema infectiosum, it is important to see a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis. They may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-itch creams to help relieve symptoms.
  2. To prevent the spread of erythema infectiosum, it is important to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently and covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  3. If you or someone in your household is pregnant or has a weakened immune system, it is important to take extra precautions to avoid exposure to the virus.

Overall, erythema infectiosum is a common childhood illness that is usually mild and self-limited. However, it is important to take steps to prevent its spread and to seek medical attention if necessary. By following these guidelines, we can help protect ourselves and our communities from this and other viral illnesses.

Diagnosis Codes for Erythema infectiosum [fifth disease] | B08.3