Essential (primary) hypertension digital illustration

Essential (primary) hypertension Save

ICD-10 code: I10

Chapter: Diseases of the circulatory system

Understanding Essential (Primary) Hypertension

High blood pressure or hypertension is a common medical condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Essential hypertension, also known as primary hypertension, is a type of hypertension that has no identifiable cause. It is a chronic condition that can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

Essential hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure readings consistently measure higher than 130/80 mm Hg. It is a condition that can develop gradually over time and may be influenced by several factors, including genetics, lifestyle, and environmental factors.

Symptoms of Essential Hypertension

Essential hypertension often has no noticeable symptoms, which is why it is called the "silent killer." In some cases, people with essential hypertension may experience headaches, dizziness, nosebleeds, and shortness of breath. These symptoms are not specific to essential hypertension and can be caused by other medical conditions.

Treatment for Essential Hypertension

The goal of treatment for essential hypertension is to lower blood pressure to a healthy level and reduce the risk of complications. Lifestyle changes are often the first line of treatment for essential hypertension. These include:

  1. Adopting a healthy diet that is low in sodium and rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  2. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or swimming.
  3. Losing weight if you are overweight or obese.
  4. Reducing stress through meditation, yoga, or other relaxation techniques.
  5. Avoiding tobacco and limiting alcohol consumption.

If lifestyle changes alone are not enough to control essential hypertension, medication may be prescribed. There are several types of drugs that can be used to treat essential hypertension, including:

  • Diuretics
  • Beta-blockers
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Calcium channel blockers

It is important to work closely with your healthcare provider to determine the best treatment plan for your individual needs. Essential hypertension is a chronic condition that requires ongoing management to reduce the risk of complications, such as heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.


Essential hypertension is a common medical condition that can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. Lifestyle changes, such as adopting a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and reducing stress, can help lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of complications. If lifestyle changes are not enough, medication may be prescribed. It is important to

Diagnosis Codes for Essential (primary) hypertension | I10