Expulsive choroidal hemorrhage digital illustration

Expulsive choroidal hemorrhage Save

ICD-10 code: H31.31

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Expulsive Choroidal Hemorrhage

Expulsive choroidal hemorrhage is a rare, but serious eye condition that can cause sudden vision loss. This condition occurs when the blood vessels in the choroid, which is the layer of blood vessels behind the retina, rupture and bleed into the eye's anterior chamber. This sudden increase in pressure can cause the eye to bulge out and lead to permanent vision loss if not treated promptly.

  1. Causes: There are several potential causes of expulsive choroidal hemorrhage, including trauma to the eye, surgery, high blood pressure, and blood clotting disorders. In some cases, the cause may be unknown.
  2. Symptoms: The symptoms of expulsive choroidal hemorrhage can include sudden vision loss, eye pain, redness, and swelling. The eye may also appear to bulge out or feel hard to the touch.
  3. Treatment: Treatment for expulsive choroidal hemorrhage typically involves urgent surgical intervention to remove the blood from the anterior chamber and alleviate pressure on the eye. In some cases, additional procedures may be necessary to repair any damage to the retina or other structures in the eye.
  4. Prevention: While some cases of expulsive choroidal hemorrhage may be difficult to prevent, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk. Maintaining good eye health and managing underlying health conditions like high blood pressure can help reduce your risk of experiencing this condition.

If you experience sudden vision loss or other symptoms of expulsive choroidal hemorrhage, it's important to seek medical attention right away. Early intervention can help prevent permanent vision loss and improve your chances of a successful recovery.