Gammaherpesviral mononucleosis digital illustration

Gammaherpesviral mononucleosis Save

ICD-10 code: B27.0

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Gammaherpesviral Mononucleosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Gammaherpesviral mononucleosis is a viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) that affects the lymphatic system. It is commonly known as the "kissing disease" because it is spread through saliva.

Here are some of the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for gammaherpesviral mononucleosis:

  1. Causes: Gammaherpesviral mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8). It is spread through saliva, blood, and other bodily fluids.
  2. Symptoms: The symptoms of gammaherpesviral mononucleosis include fatigue, fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, and a rash. These symptoms can last for several weeks or months.
  3. Treatment: There is no specific treatment for gammaherpesviral mononucleosis. However, you can manage the symptoms by getting plenty of rest, drinking fluids, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers. It is also important to avoid contact sports or other activities that could cause damage to the spleen, which can be enlarged due to the infection.

If you experience any of the symptoms of gammaherpesviral mononucleosis, it is important to see a healthcare provider. They can diagnose the infection through a blood test and provide you with advice on how to manage the symptoms.

Overall, gammaherpesviral mononucleosis is a common viral infection that can be managed with rest and self-care. By taking care of yourself and avoiding contact with others while you are sick, you can reduce the spread of the infection and recover more quickly.