Glaucomatous flecks (subcapsular) digital illustration

Glaucomatous flecks (subcapsular) Save

ICD-10 code: H26.23

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Glaucomatous Flecks (Subcapsular): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Glaucomatous flecks, also known as subcapsular cataracts, are a type of cataract that develops in individuals with glaucoma. These flecks are small, opaque spots that form on the lens of the eye and can cause vision impairment.

  1. Causes: Glaucomatous flecks are caused by the buildup of proteins in the lens of the eye. This buildup can occur due to various factors such as aging, genetics, and long-term use of certain medications. In individuals with glaucoma, the increased pressure within the eye can also contribute to the development of these flecks.
  2. Symptoms: The symptoms of glaucomatous flecks can vary depending on the severity of the cataract. Some common symptoms include blurred vision, sensitivity to light, difficulty seeing at night, and a yellowing or browning of the lens. In severe cases, glaucomatous flecks can cause complete blindness.
  3. Treatment: The treatment for glaucomatous flecks depends on the severity of the cataract and the underlying cause. In mild cases, prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses may be sufficient to correct vision impairment. However, in more severe cases, surgery may be required to remove the cataract and restore vision. Your ophthalmologist will evaluate your individual case and recommend the best treatment option for you.

To prevent the development of glaucomatous flecks, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and undergo regular eye exams. This can help identify any potential issues early on and allow for prompt treatment. Additionally, avoiding smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, and protecting your eyes from UV radiation can also help reduce the risk of developing cataracts.

In conclusion, glaucomatous flecks are a type of cataract that can cause vision impairment in individuals with glaucoma. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for this condition, individuals can take steps to protect their vision and maintain their overall eye health.