Hereditary retinal dystrophy digital illustration

Hereditary retinal dystrophy Save

ICD-10 code: H35.5

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Hereditary Retinal Dystrophy

Hereditary retinal dystrophy is a group of genetic eye disorders that affect the retina. The retina is a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye that is responsible for converting light into electrical signals that are sent to the brain. Hereditary retinal dystrophy can lead to progressive vision loss, and in some cases, blindness.

  1. Types of Hereditary Retinal Dystrophy
  2. There are several types of hereditary retinal dystrophy, including:

    • Retinitis pigmentosa
    • Leber congenital amaurosis
    • Cone-rod dystrophy
    • Stargardt disease
  3. Symptoms of Hereditary Retinal Dystrophy
  4. Symptoms of hereditary retinal dystrophy can vary depending on the type of disorder and the stage of the disease. Some common symptoms include:

    • Night blindness
    • Decreased peripheral vision
    • Loss of central vision
    • Difficulty seeing in low light
    • Sensitivity to bright light
  5. Diagnosis and Treatment
  6. Hereditary retinal dystrophy can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam, genetic testing, and imaging tests. While there is no cure for hereditary retinal dystrophy, there are treatments available to help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Some of these treatments include:

    • Low-vision aids, such as magnifying glasses and telescopes
    • Vitamin A supplementation
    • Gene therapy
    • Retinal implants

If you have a family history of hereditary retinal dystrophy or are experiencing any symptoms of vision loss, it is important to schedule an appointment with an eye doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment can help preserve your vision and quality of life.