Hypertensive retinopathy digital illustration

Hypertensive retinopathy Save

ICD-10 code: H35.03

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Hypertensive Retinopathy: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Hypertensive retinopathy is a condition that occurs when high blood pressure damages the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. This condition can lead to vision loss if left untreated. Here's what you need to know about hypertensive retinopathy.


Hypertensive retinopathy can cause a range of symptoms, including:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Difficulty seeing at night
  3. Reduced color vision
  4. Double vision
  5. Eye floaters
  6. Headaches
  7. Eye pain

If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to see your eye doctor right away.


High blood pressure is the main cause of hypertensive retinopathy. When blood pressure is too high, it can damage the blood vessels in the retina, causing them to leak or become blocked. Over time, this damage can lead to vision loss.

Other factors that can increase your risk of hypertensive retinopathy include:

  1. Diabetes
  2. Smoking
  3. High cholesterol
  4. Obesity
  5. Family history of hypertensive retinopathy
  6. Age (over 65)

The first step in treating hypertensive retinopathy is to get your blood pressure under control. This may involve making lifestyle changes, such as exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and quitting smoking. In some cases, medication may be necessary to lower your blood pressure.

If the damage to your retina is severe, your eye doctor may recommend laser treatment or surgery to prevent further vision loss. Regular eye exams are also important to monitor the progression of the condition and catch any changes early.


Hypertensive retinopathy is a serious condition that can lead to vision loss if left untreated. If you have high blood pressure or any of the risk factors for hypertensive retinopathy, it's important to see your eye doctor regularly and take steps to keep your blood pressure under control.