Default disease illustration

Hypoparathyroidism Save

ICD-10 code: E20

Chapter: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

Hypoparathyroidism: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition that occurs when the parathyroid gland fails to produce enough parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH is responsible for regulating the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the body. When there isn't enough PTH, the levels of calcium in the blood decrease and the levels of phosphorus increase.

The parathyroid gland is located in the neck, behind the thyroid gland. It is responsible for producing PTH, which helps to maintain the balance of calcium and phosphorus in the body. Hypoparathyroidism can be caused by damage to the parathyroid gland during surgery, autoimmune diseases, or genetic disorders.

Symptoms of Hypoparathyroidism

The symptoms of hypoparathyroidism can vary from person to person, but common symptoms include:

  1. Muscle cramps and twitching
  2. Tingling or numbness in the extremities
  3. Fatigue and weakness
  4. Dry hair and skin
  5. Anxiety and depression
  6. Seizures

If left untreated, hypoparathyroidism can lead to serious complications such as seizures, cataracts, and heart failure.

Treatment for Hypoparathyroidism

There is no cure for hypoparathyroidism, but it can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. The primary treatment for hypoparathyroidism is calcium and vitamin D supplements. These supplements help to increase the levels of calcium in the blood.

In severe cases, a hormone called teriparatide may be used. Teriparatide is a synthetic form of PTH that can help to increase the levels of calcium in the blood.

Lifestyle changes can also help to manage the symptoms of hypoparathyroidism. These changes include eating a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and getting regular exercise.


Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition that can have serious complications if left untreated. If you are experiencing symptoms of hypoparathyroidism, it is important to speak with your doctor. With proper treatment and lifestyle changes, most people with hypoparathyroidism can manage their symptoms and lead a normal life.