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ICD-10 code: G47.0

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Insomnia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. Insomnia can be acute or chronic, and it can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of insomnia.

Causes of Insomnia

There are many possible causes of insomnia, including:

  1. Stress and anxiety: Stressful life events like work-related stress, relationship problems, financial difficulties, or traumatic experiences can cause insomnia.
  2. Medical conditions: Chronic pain, asthma, allergies, acid reflux, and other medical conditions can make it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep.
  3. Medications: Certain medications like antidepressants, corticosteroids, and stimulants can interfere with sleep.
  4. Environmental factors: Noise, light, and temperature can affect sleep quality.
  5. Irregular sleep schedule: Going to bed and waking up at different times each day can disrupt the body's natural sleep-wake cycle.
Symptoms of Insomnia

The symptoms of insomnia can vary from person to person, but they often include:

  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Waking up frequently during the night
  • Waking up too early in the morning
  • Feeling tired or not well-rested upon waking up
  • Daytime fatigue or sleepiness
  • Irritability, depression, or anxiety
Treatment of Insomnia

If you are experiencing insomnia, there are several things you can do to improve your sleep:

  • Create a relaxing bedtime routine
  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine
  • Exercise regularly, but not too close to bedtime
  • Maintain a regular sleep schedule
  • Avoid napping during the day
  • Make sure your sleep environment is comfortable

If these lifestyle changes do not improve your insomnia, your doctor may recommend medication or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to help you sleep better. CBT involves talking to a therapist to identify and change negative thoughts and behaviors that may be interfering with your sleep.


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