Iris atrophy (essential) (progressive) digital illustration

Iris atrophy (essential) (progressive) Save

ICD-10 code: H21.26

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Iris Atrophy (Essential) (Progressive) - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Iris atrophy is a condition where the colored part of the eye, called the iris, becomes thin and loses its normal structure. This condition is also known as essential iris atrophy or progressive iris atrophy.

The iris is responsible for controlling the amount of light that enters the eye. It also determines the color of the eye. When the iris is affected by atrophy, it can lead to a variety of symptoms and potential complications.

Causes of Iris Atrophy

There are several potential causes of iris atrophy, including:

  1. Genetic factors - Some cases of iris atrophy may be inherited from parents.
  2. Autoimmune diseases - Conditions like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis can cause damage to the iris and other parts of the eye.
  3. Eye injuries - Trauma to the eye can sometimes lead to iris atrophy.
  4. Age - Iris atrophy is more common in older adults.
Symptoms of Iris Atrophy

The symptoms of iris atrophy can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Changes in the color of the iris
  • Decreased visual acuity
  • Difficulty seeing in bright light
  • Increased sensitivity to glare
  • Small or irregularly shaped pupils
Treatment Options for Iris Atrophy

Unfortunately, there is no cure for iris atrophy. However, there are several treatment options that can help manage the symptoms of the condition:

  • Prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses can improve visual acuity.
  • Anti-glare glasses or sunglasses can reduce sensitivity to light.
  • Artificial tears can help lubricate the eyes and reduce dryness.
  • In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct complications like cataracts or glaucoma.

If you are experiencing any symptoms of iris atrophy, it is important to consult with an ophthalmologist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. With proper management, individuals with iris atrophy can still maintain good eye health and quality of life.