Keratoconus, stable digital illustration

Keratoconus, stable Save

ICD-10 code: H18.61

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Keratoconus: A Guide to Stable Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease that affects the cornea, causing it to thin and bulge into a cone-like shape. This not only affects vision but also causes discomfort and sensitivity to light. While the disease is usually diagnosed during adolescence or early adulthood, it can occur at any age and can progress rapidly or slowly.

However, there is good news for those with stable keratoconus. Stable keratoconus refers to a stage where the disease has reached a plateau and is no longer progressing. This is often a relief for patients as it means their vision has stabilized and they can avoid more invasive treatments.

Causes of Keratoconus

While the exact cause of keratoconus is unknown, it is believed that genetics and environmental factors play a role. Some studies suggest that excessive eye rubbing, chronic eye irritation, and allergies may contribute to the development of keratoconus. Hormonal imbalances and certain medical conditions, such as Down syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, may also increase the risk of developing the disease.

Symptoms of Keratoconus

The symptoms of keratoconus can vary depending on the severity of the disease. In the early stages, patients may experience blurred or distorted vision, sensitivity to light, and frequent changes in prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses. As the disease progresses, patients may experience more severe symptoms such as double vision, halos, and ghosting.

Treatment Options for Stable Keratoconus

While stable keratoconus may not require immediate treatment, patients should still undergo regular eye exams to monitor their condition. In some cases, patients may benefit from specialty contact lenses or glasses designed to correct the irregular shape of the cornea. For those with more severe cases, corneal cross-linking may be recommended. This procedure uses a combination of riboflavin drops and UV light to strengthen the cornea and slow the progression of the disease.

  1. Specialty contact lenses or glasses
  2. Corneal cross-linking
  3. Corneal transplant (in severe cases)

While keratoconus can be a daunting diagnosis, stable keratoconus offers patients relief knowing their vision has stabilized. Regular eye exams and monitoring are still necessary to ensure the disease does not progress. Additionally, there are treatment options available for those with stable keratoconus, such as specialty contact lenses, corneal cross-linking, and in severe cases, corneal transplantation. If you suspect you may have keratoconus or have been