Keratoconus, unspecified digital illustration

Keratoconus, unspecified Save

ICD-10 code: H18.60

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Keratoconus, unspecified: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease that affects the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eye. Keratoconus, unspecified refers to a diagnosis of keratoconus that has not been specified as to which eye is affected.

While the exact cause of keratoconus is unknown, it is believed to be linked to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is more common in people with a family history of the condition, and it often develops during adolescence or early adulthood.

The symptoms of keratoconus can vary depending on the severity of the condition. In the early stages, there may be no noticeable symptoms. As the condition progresses, however, individuals may experience blurry or distorted vision, increased sensitivity to light, and frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions.

The diagnosis of keratoconus, unspecified is typically made through a comprehensive eye exam that includes a visual acuity test, corneal mapping, and a slit-lamp examination. In some cases, additional imaging tests such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) or corneal topography may be necessary.

While there is no cure for keratoconus, there are several treatment options available to help manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. These may include prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses, corneal cross-linking, or in severe cases, corneal transplant surgery.

  1. Prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses: In the early stages of keratoconus, mild to moderate vision impairment can often be corrected with prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses. Specialized contact lenses such as scleral lenses or hybrid lenses may be recommended for individuals with more advanced stages of the disease.
  2. Corneal cross-linking: This is a non-invasive procedure that involves the application of riboflavin drops to the cornea, followed by exposure to ultraviolet light. This process strengthens the cornea and can help slow the progression of the disease.
  3. Corneal transplant surgery: In severe cases, where vision cannot be corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses and other treatments have been unsuccessful, a corneal transplant may be necessary. During this procedure, the damaged cornea is removed and replaced with a healthy donor cornea.

If you suspect that you may have keratoconus, unspecified or are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with the condition, it is important to schedule an appointment with an eye doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help preserve vision and prevent further damage to the cornea.

Overall, while keratoconus, unspecified can be a challenging condition to manage, there