Lacrimal cyst digital illustration

Lacrimal cyst Save

ICD-10 code: H04.13

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Lacrimal Cyst: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A lacrimal cyst, also known as an epithelial cyst or dacryops, is a benign fluid-filled sac that develops in the lacrimal sac, which is located between the inner corner of the eye and the nose. It is a rare condition that affects both men and women, and it can occur at any age.

There are several causes of lacrimal cysts. One of the most common causes is a blockage or obstruction of the tear drainage system, which can lead to the accumulation of fluid in the lacrimal sac. Other causes include infections, trauma to the eye, and congenital abnormalities.

The symptoms of lacrimal cysts may include swelling and tenderness in the inner corner of the eye, tearing, and discharge from the affected eye. In some cases, the cyst may become infected, which can cause redness, pain, and fever.

If you suspect that you have a lacrimal cyst, it is important to see an ophthalmologist for an accurate diagnosis. The ophthalmologist may perform a physical examination of the eye and order imaging tests, such as an MRI or CT scan, to determine the size and location of the cyst.

  1. Conservative Management: In some cases, lacrimal cysts may not require any treatment and may resolve on their own. However, if the cyst is causing significant discomfort or affecting your vision, your ophthalmologist may recommend conservative management options, such as warm compresses, massage, and antibiotics.
  2. Surgical Treatment: If conservative management options do not improve the symptoms or the cyst is large, surgical treatment may be necessary. The most common surgical procedure for treating lacrimal cysts is dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), which involves creating a new tear drainage pathway to bypass the blockage in the lacrimal sac.

After surgery, your ophthalmologist will provide you with instructions on how to care for the affected eye and manage any discomfort or swelling. Most people recover fully from lacrimal cyst surgery within a few weeks and experience a significant improvement in their symptoms.

  • Conclusion:
  • Lacrimal cysts are a rare condition that can cause discomfort and affect vision. If you experience any symptoms of lacrimal cysts, it is important to see an ophthalmologist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. Conservative management options and surgical treatment, such as DCR, can effectively treat lacrimal cysts and improve your symptoms.