Lens-induced iridocyclitis digital illustration

Lens-induced iridocyclitis Save

ICD-10 code: H20.2

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Lens-induced Iridocyclitis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Lens-induced iridocyclitis is a type of uveitis that occurs due to injury or inflammation caused by an intraocular lens (IOL) implant. IOLs are used to replace the natural lens of the eye during cataract surgery, and while they are generally safe, they can cause complications such as iridocyclitis.

  1. Symptoms: The most common symptoms of lens-induced iridocyclitis include eye pain, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, and redness of the eye. Some patients may also experience floaters or decreased visual acuity.
  2. Causes: Lens-induced iridocyclitis occurs when the IOL implant causes inflammation in the eye. This can happen due to a number of factors, such as a reaction to the IOL material, trauma during surgery, or infection. Patients who have a history of uveitis or other ocular inflammatory conditions may also be at a higher risk for developing lens-induced iridocyclitis.
  3. Treatment: Treatment for lens-induced iridocyclitis typically involves anti-inflammatory medications such as corticosteroids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In some cases, the IOL may need to be removed and replaced with a different type of lens. It is important for patients to seek prompt treatment to prevent further damage to the eye and preserve visual function.

Preventing lens-induced iridocyclitis involves proper preoperative evaluation and careful surgical technique. Patients should inform their ophthalmologist of any history of ocular inflammation or allergies to avoid complications during surgery. After surgery, patients should follow their ophthalmologist's postoperative instructions carefully, including the use of prescribed eye drops and avoiding activities that may increase the risk of infection or injury.

In conclusion, lens-induced iridocyclitis is a potential complication of IOL implants used during cataract surgery. Patients who experience symptoms such as eye pain, redness, or decreased visual acuity should seek prompt medical attention to prevent further damage to the eye. With proper evaluation, surgical technique, and postoperative care, the risk of developing lens-induced iridocyclitis can be minimized.