Leucocoria digital illustration

Leucocoria Save

ICD-10 code: H44.53

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Leucocoria: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Leucocoria is a medical condition that causes abnormal white reflection from the retina when light shines into the eye. This condition is also known as "white pupil" or "cat eye reflex." It can be a sign of a serious underlying medical condition and should be evaluated by an eye doctor immediately.

  1. Symptoms of Leucocoria
  2. Leucocoria is characterized by a white or yellowish glare in the pupil of the eye when light is shone into it. It may be noticed by parents in photographs of their children, as the affected eye will appear white instead of red. Other symptoms may include a decrease in vision, redness, and swelling of the eye.

  3. Causes of Leucocoria
  4. Leucocoria can be caused by a variety of underlying medical conditions, including:

    • Retinoblastoma, a rare form of eye cancer that affects young children
    • Cataracts, a clouding of the eye's lens that can cause vision loss
    • Coats' disease, a rare eye disorder that can cause vision loss
    • Retinal detachment, a medical emergency that can cause permanent vision loss
    • Vitreous hemorrhage, bleeding in the eye that can cause vision loss
  5. Treatment of Leucocoria
  6. The treatment for leucocoria depends on the underlying medical condition causing it. If it is caused by retinoblastoma, the treatment may involve chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery to remove the affected eye. If it is caused by cataracts, surgery may be necessary to remove the clouded lens and replace it with an artificial one. In cases of retinal detachment or vitreous hemorrhage, emergency medical attention is necessary to prevent permanent vision loss.

If you or your child is experiencing symptoms of leucocoria, it is important to see an eye doctor immediately. Early detection and treatment of underlying medical conditions can prevent permanent vision loss and improve overall health outcomes.