Listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis digital illustration

Listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis Save

ICD-10 code: A32.1

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis

Listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis are two serious infections that affect the brain and spinal cord. Both conditions are caused by a bacterium called Listeria monocytogenes, which is commonly found in soil, water, and some animals.

Symptoms of Listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis

The symptoms of listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis can be similar and include:

  1. Fever
  2. Headache
  3. Nausea and vomiting
  4. Stiff neck
  5. Confusion and disorientation
  6. Seizures
  7. Loss of consciousness

It is important to note that not everyone who is infected with Listeria monocytogenes will develop meningitis or meningoencephalitis. In fact, most people who are infected will only experience mild flu-like symptoms or no symptoms at all.

Causes of listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis

Listeria monocytogenes can be found in a variety of different foods, including raw vegetables, meats, and dairy products. The bacteria can also be present in soil and water. In most cases, people become infected with Listeria monocytogenes by consuming contaminated food or water.

Treatment of listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis

Listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis are both treated with antibiotics. However, treatment can be complicated by the fact that Listeria monocytogenes is resistant to many antibiotics. In addition to antibiotics, supportive care may be necessary to manage symptoms and prevent complications.

Prevention of listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis

There are several steps that can be taken to prevent listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis, including:

  1. Avoiding high-risk foods, such as raw vegetables, unpasteurized dairy products, and raw or undercooked meats
  2. Cooking food thoroughly to kill any bacteria that may be present
  3. Washing hands and surfaces that come into contact with food frequently
  4. Avoiding cross-contamination by keeping raw meats separate from other foods and using separate cutting boards and utensils

If you suspect that you or someone you know may be infected with Listeria monocytogenes, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Prompt treatment can

Diagnosis Codes for Listerial meningitis and meningoencephalitis | A32.1