Malignant neoplasm of olfactory nerve digital illustration

Malignant neoplasm of olfactory nerve Save

ICD-10 code: C72.2

Chapter: Neoplasms

Malignant Neoplasm of Olfactory Nerve: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Malignant neoplasm of olfactory nerve, also known as olfactory neuroblastoma, is a type of cancer that affects the sense of smell. It is a rare form of cancer that mostly affects adults between the ages of 30 and 60. This type of cancer is very aggressive and can spread quickly to other parts of the body.

  1. Causes: The exact cause of olfactory neuroblastoma is unknown. However, there are several risk factors that may increase the chances of developing this type of cancer. These include exposure to certain chemicals, radiation therapy, and a weakened immune system.
  2. Symptoms: The symptoms of olfactory neuroblastoma may vary depending on the location and size of the tumor. Some of the common symptoms include loss of smell, nasal congestion, nosebleeds, facial pain, and swelling around the eyes. In some cases, the tumor can also affect vision, hearing, and speech.
  3. Treatment: The treatment for olfactory neuroblastoma depends on the stage of the cancer and the location of the tumor. Surgery is usually the first line of treatment, and the goal is to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may also be used to kill cancer cells and prevent the cancer from spreading.

If you suspect that you may have olfactory neuroblastoma, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can greatly improve the chances of survival. Your doctor may recommend a series of tests, including imaging tests and biopsies, to determine the extent of the cancer and the best course of treatment.

Overall, malignant neoplasm of olfactory nerve is a rare but aggressive form of cancer that requires prompt medical attention. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options, you can take steps to protect your health and improve your chances of recovery.