Malignant neoplasm of unspecified part of adrenal gland digital illustration

Malignant neoplasm of unspecified part of adrenal gland Save

ICD-10 code: C74.9

Chapter: Neoplasms

Malignant Neoplasm of Unspecified Part of Adrenal Gland: Understanding the Condition

Malignant neoplasm of unspecified part of adrenal gland refers to cancerous growth that occurs in the adrenal glands. These glands are located above the kidneys and produce hormones that regulate metabolism, blood pressure, and stress response. Adrenal gland cancer is relatively rare, accounting for only 0.2% of all cancers. However, early diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve the patient's prognosis.

There are several types of adrenal gland cancer, including malignant pheochromocytoma, adrenocortical carcinoma, and adrenal cortical carcinoma. Symptoms of adrenal gland cancer may include abdominal pain, weight loss, fever, and high blood pressure. However, these symptoms are not specific to adrenal gland cancer and can be caused by other conditions as well.

If a doctor suspects adrenal gland cancer, they may perform various tests, including blood tests, imaging studies, and a biopsy. Treatment options for adrenal gland cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The choice of treatment depends on various factors, such as the type and stage of cancer, the patient's age and overall health, and the patient's preferences.

  1. Surgery: The primary treatment for adrenal gland cancer is surgery. The surgeon may remove the affected adrenal gland along with nearby lymph nodes and other tissues. In some cases, a laparoscopic approach may be used, which involves making small incisions instead of a large one.
  2. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It may be used before or after surgery to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence. Radiation therapy may also be used to relieve symptoms such as pain and bleeding.
  3. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be used if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body or if surgery and radiation therapy are not effective. Chemotherapy may cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and hair loss.

Overall, malignant neoplasm of unspecified part of adrenal gland is a rare but serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. If you experience symptoms such as abdominal pain, weight loss, or high blood pressure, seek medical attention promptly. Your doctor can perform the necessary tests to diagnose or rule out adrenal gland cancer and recommend appropriate treatment options.