Default disease illustration

Meniere's disease Save

ICD-10 code: H81.0

Chapter: Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

Understanding Meniere's Disease and Its Symptoms

Meniere's disease is a chronic and often debilitating condition that affects the inner ear. It typically causes episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss. While the cause of Meniere's disease is not yet fully understood, researchers believe that it is related to fluid buildup in the inner ear.

Symptoms of Meniere's disease can vary from person to person, but the most common symptoms include:

  1. Vertigo: A feeling of dizziness or spinning that can last for several hours or even days.
  2. Tinnitus: A ringing or buzzing sound in the ear.
  3. Hearing Loss: A gradual loss of hearing in one or both ears.
  4. Pressure or Fullness in the Ear: A feeling of pressure or fullness in the affected ear.

Meniere's disease can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms can be similar to other conditions. A doctor will typically review your medical history, perform a physical exam, and run tests such as a hearing test and balance test to rule out other conditions and confirm a diagnosis of Meniere's disease.

While there is no cure for Meniere's disease, there are treatments available to help manage its symptoms. Treatment options may include:

  1. Medications: Medications such as diuretics and anti-nausea medications can help reduce fluid buildup in the inner ear and alleviate symptoms.
  2. Dietary Changes: Some people with Meniere's disease find that making dietary changes such as reducing salt intake can help alleviate symptoms.
  3. Vestibular Rehabilitation: A type of physical therapy that can help improve balance and reduce vertigo symptoms.
  4. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be recommended to relieve pressure on the inner ear or to remove the affected part of the inner ear.

If you are experiencing symptoms of Meniere's disease, it is important to seek medical attention. Your doctor can help you manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

Overall, Meniere's disease can be a challenging condition to live with, but with proper treatment and management, many people with Meniere's disease are able to lead full and active lives.