Multiple myeloma digital illustration

Multiple myeloma Save

ICD-10 code: C90.0

Chapter: Neoplasms

Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that affects plasma cells, which are a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies to help fight infections. In multiple myeloma, the cancerous plasma cells accumulate in the bone marrow and interfere with the production of normal blood cells. This can lead to a range of symptoms, including bone pain, fatigue, and an increased risk of infections.
The symptoms of multiple myeloma can vary depending on the stage of the disease. In the early stages, there may be no symptoms at all, or the symptoms may be mild and vague. As the disease progresses, however, the following symptoms may develop:
  1. Bone pain, especially in the spine, ribs, and hips
  2. Fatigue and weakness
  3. Frequent infections
  4. Loss of appetite and weight loss
  5. Increased thirst and urination
  6. Nausea and vomiting
There is no cure for multiple myeloma, but there are several treatment options available to help manage the disease and improve quality of life. The choice of treatment will depend on the stage of the disease, the patient's overall health, and other factors. Some common treatment options include:
  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Radiation therapy
  3. Stem cell transplant
  4. Targeted therapy
  5. Immunotherapy
There is no known way to prevent multiple myeloma, but there are some steps that may help reduce the risk of developing the disease. These include:
  1. Maintaining a healthy weight
  2. Eating a balanced diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables
  3. Getting regular exercise
  4. Avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals and radiation
  5. Quitting smoking
  6. Limiting alcohol consumption
Multiple myeloma is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease, but with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, many patients are able to live long and productive lives. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with multiple myeloma, it is important to speak with your doctor right away. By working together, you and your doctor can develop an effective treatment plan that meets your individual needs and maximizes your chances of a successful outcome.