Mumps digital illustration

Mumps Save

ICD-10 code: B26

Chapter: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

Mumps: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Mumps is a viral infection that affects the salivary glands, causing them to become swollen and painful. This contagious disease is most common in children, but adults can also contract it. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for mumps.

Symptoms of Mumps

The most common symptom of mumps is swollen salivary glands, which can cause pain and tenderness in the jaw area. Other symptoms may include:

  1. Fever
  2. Headache
  3. Muscle aches
  4. Fatigue
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Swollen and painful testicles in males

It is important to note that some people with mumps may not experience any symptoms at all.

Causes of Mumps

Mumps is caused by a virus called the paramyxovirus. It is spread through contact with an infected person's saliva or respiratory secretions. This can happen when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or when they share utensils or drinks with others. The virus can also survive on surfaces and objects for several hours, making it easy to contract if proper hygiene is not practiced.

Treatment for Mumps

There is no specific treatment for mumps, but there are steps you can take to alleviate symptoms and promote healing:

  1. Rest and drink plenty of fluids.
  2. Apply a warm or cold compress to the affected area to reduce swelling and relieve pain.
  3. Take over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
  4. Avoid acidic or salty foods that can cause pain and irritation.
  5. Stay home from school or work for at least five days after symptoms appear to avoid spreading the virus to others.

In rare cases, complications can arise from mumps, such as meningitis, encephalitis, or inflammation of the pancreas. Vaccination is the best way to prevent mumps, and it is recommended for all children and adults who have not been vaccinated or who have not had the disease before.


Mumps is a contagious viral infection that can cause painful swelling of the salivary glands. While there is no specific treatment for mumps, proper rest and hydration can help alleviate symptoms. Vaccination is the best way to prevent mumps, so be sure to talk to your doctor about getting vaccinated if you have not already done so.