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Narcolepsy and cataplexy Save

ICD-10 code: G47.4

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Narcolepsy and Cataplexy: Understanding the Sleep Disorder

Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that affects the brain's ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles. People with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness and may fall asleep at inappropriate times, such as during work or while driving. Additionally, about 70% of people with narcolepsy also experience cataplexy, a sudden loss of muscle tone triggered by strong emotions such as laughter or anger.

Some common symptoms of narcolepsy include:

  1. Excessive daytime sleepiness, despite getting enough sleep at night
  2. Sudden sleep attacks at any time of the day
  3. Cataplexy, or sudden loss of muscle tone
  4. Hypnagogic hallucinations, or vivid and often frightening dream-like experiences that occur while falling asleep or waking up
  5. Sleep paralysis, or the inability to move or speak while falling asleep or waking up

The cause of narcolepsy is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There is no cure for narcolepsy, but the symptoms can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes.

One of the most effective treatments for narcolepsy is the use of stimulant medications to help people stay awake during the day. Other medications, such as antidepressants and sodium oxybate, may also be used to manage symptoms.

Lifestyle changes can also help manage narcolepsy symptoms. Maintaining a regular sleep schedule, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and taking short naps during the day can all help reduce excessive sleepiness. People with narcolepsy should also avoid driving or operating heavy machinery until their symptoms are under control.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of narcolepsy, it's important to speak with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. With proper management, people with narcolepsy can lead fulfilling and productive lives.

Diagnosis Codes for Narcolepsy and cataplexy | G47.4

Not Available