Nystagmus digital illustration

Nystagmus Save

ICD-10 code: H55.0

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Nystagmus: A Guide to Understanding and Managing this Eye Condition

Nystagmus is an eye condition characterized by involuntary eye movements that can affect a person's vision and balance. It can occur in both children and adults, and can be present at birth or develop later in life. In this article, we'll discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for nystagmus.

Causes of Nystagmus

Nystagmus can be caused by various factors, including neurological issues, genetic disorders, or as a side effect of medication. Some common causes of nystagmus include:

  1. Albinism
  2. Brain injuries
  3. Inner ear problems
  4. Multiple sclerosis
  5. Eye muscle problems
Symptoms of Nystagmus

The most common symptom of nystagmus is involuntary eye movements, which can be rapid or slow and occur in different directions. Other symptoms include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty focusing
  • Light sensitivity
  • Trouble with depth perception
  • Head tilting
Treatment Options for Nystagmus

While there is no cure for nystagmus, there are several treatment options that can help manage the condition. Some common treatment options include:

  1. Corrective lenses
  2. Eye patches
  3. Medications
  4. Vision therapy
  5. Surgery

It's important to note that the effectiveness of treatment options can vary depending on the underlying cause of nystagmus. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be needed to manage the condition.


Nystagmus can be a challenging condition to manage, but with the right treatment plan, many people with nystagmus are able to lead full and active lives. If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms of nystagmus, it's important to consult with an eye doctor or specialist to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.