Ocular hypertension digital illustration

Ocular hypertension Save

ICD-10 code: H40.05

Chapter: Diseases of the eye and adnexia

Understanding Ocular Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Ocular hypertension is a condition characterized by elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), which can lead to optic nerve damage and vision loss if left untreated. The condition affects millions of people worldwide and is a leading cause of glaucoma.

  1. Causes: Ocular hypertension occurs when the aqueous humor (the fluid in the eye) does not drain properly, leading to a buildup of pressure. The condition is more common in people over the age of 40 and those with a family history of the condition, as well as individuals who have certain medical conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure.
  2. Symptoms: Ocular hypertension often has no noticeable symptoms, which is why it is important to have regular eye exams to monitor IOP. In some cases, individuals may experience mild eye discomfort, blurred vision, or headaches.
  3. Treatment: The goal of treatment for ocular hypertension is to lower IOP and prevent optic nerve damage. This can be achieved through a variety of methods, including medicated eye drops, laser surgery, or traditional surgery.

Medicated eye drops are a common first-line treatment for ocular hypertension. These drops work by either reducing the amount of aqueous humor produced or increasing its outflow. In some cases, laser surgery may be recommended to improve the drainage of fluid from the eye. Traditional surgery is typically reserved for individuals who do not respond to other treatments.

It is important to note that while treatment can effectively manage ocular hypertension and prevent vision loss, there is currently no cure for the condition. Regular eye exams and early detection are key to preventing optic nerve damage and preserving vision.

If you are concerned about your eye health or have a family history of ocular hypertension, speak with your eye doctor to schedule a comprehensive eye exam.