Other disorders of brain digital illustration

Other disorders of brain Save

ICD-10 code: G93

Chapter: Diseases of the nervous system

Other Disorders of the Brain

The human brain is a complex organ responsible for regulating various functions in the body. It is the control center for all our thoughts, emotions, and actions. However, there are several disorders that can affect the proper functioning of the brain, leading to cognitive impairment, behavioral changes, and other neurological symptoms.

  1. Alzheimer's Disease
  2. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder that affects the memory and thinking skills of an individual. It is the most common form of dementia and typically affects older adults above the age of 65. The exact cause of Alzheimer's is not known, but it is believed to be a result of the accumulation of a protein called amyloid in the brain.

  3. Parkinson's Disease
  4. Parkinson's disease is a disorder that affects the movement of an individual. It is caused by the loss of dopamine-producing cells in the brain. Dopamine is a chemical messenger that facilitates communication between different parts of the brain and is responsible for regulating movement.

  5. Epilepsy
  6. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that is characterized by recurrent seizures. Seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain and can manifest in various forms, such as convulsions, loss of consciousness, and repetitive movements.

  7. Multiple Sclerosis
  8. Multiple sclerosis is a disorder that affects the central nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord. It is caused by an autoimmune response that leads to the destruction of myelin, a protective sheath that surrounds nerve fibers. This can result in various symptoms, such as muscle weakness, vision problems, and difficulty with balance and coordination.

  9. Huntington's Disease
  10. Huntington's disease is a genetic disorder that affects the nerve cells in the brain. It is caused by a mutation in the huntingtin gene, which leads to the accumulation of toxic proteins in the brain. This can result in various symptoms, such as involuntary movements, cognitive decline, and psychiatric symptoms.

Other disorders of the brain include traumatic brain injury, stroke, and brain tumors. These conditions can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life and require prompt diagnosis and treatment. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms related to a neurological disorder, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.