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Other disorders of fatty-acid metabolism Save

ICD-10 code: E71.39

Chapter: Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

Other Disorders of Fatty-Acid Metabolism

Fatty-acid metabolism is a crucial process that helps the body break down and utilize fats for energy. However, when this process is disrupted, it can lead to a range of disorders that affect various bodily functions. While some fatty-acid metabolism disorders are well-known, there are several other disorders that are less common but equally important to understand.

  1. Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (ACAD): This disorder affects the process of breaking down fatty acids for energy. Individuals with ACAD have a deficiency in the enzyme that converts fatty acids into acyl-CoA, which is an essential step in the metabolic process. Symptoms of ACAD include muscle weakness, lethargy, and vomiting.
  2. Carnitine deficiency: Carnitine is a substance that helps transport fatty acids into the cells for energy production. Individuals with carnitine deficiency have reduced levels of this substance, which can lead to a buildup of fatty acids in the cells. Symptoms of carnitine deficiency include muscle weakness, hypoglycemia, and liver dysfunction.
  3. Very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCAD): VLCAD is a rare genetic disorder that affects the ability to break down very long-chain fatty acids. This can lead to a buildup of these fatty acids in the tissues, which can cause damage to organs such as the heart and liver. Symptoms of VLCAD include low blood sugar, muscle weakness, and liver dysfunction.
  4. Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCAD): MCAD is a disorder that affects the breakdown of medium-chain fatty acids for energy. Individuals with MCAD have a deficiency in the enzyme that converts these fatty acids into energy. Symptoms of MCAD include vomiting, lethargy, and low blood sugar.

While these disorders are less common than other fatty-acid metabolism disorders, they are still important to understand and diagnose. Treatment for these disorders typically involves dietary changes and supplementation with certain substances such as carnitine. With proper management, individuals with these disorders can lead healthy and fulfilling lives.

In conclusion, fatty-acid metabolism disorders can have a significant impact on an individual's health and well-being. While some disorders are more well-known than others, it is important to be aware of all the different types of disorders that can affect this metabolic process. By understanding these disorders and seeking proper treatment, individuals can better manage their condition and improve their quality of life.

Diagnosis Codes for Other disorders of fatty-acid metabolism | E71.39